To evaluate the clinical safety of left internal mammary artery (LIMA) harvesting in hemodynamically unstable patients after establishing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.


The prospective observational study was conducted at Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi Institute of Cardiology, Multan, Pakistan, from December 2016 to August 2018. All patients undergoing isolated CABG surgery in which LIMA conduit was harvested after establishing cardiopulmonary bypass because of hemodynamic instability at induction of anaesthesia or during surgery were included in the study. Preoperative, operative and postoperative characteristics of the patients were recorded. Data was analyzed using SPSS 19.


In Forty nine patients including 39 male and 10 female, early CPB had to be established because of hemodynamic instability and afterwards LIMA was harvested. Out of 49, 30 patients presented with CCS class III angina. 37 (75.5%) patients were scheduled on elective coronary surgery waiting list. There were 39 (79.59%) patients who weaned off bypass on mild inotropic support and 4 (8.16%) patients needed IABP support. All patients had multi-vessel coronary artery disease. Mean number of grafts were 3.428±0.577, CPB time was 110.59±25.594 and hospital stay was 5.367±1.424.


The study showed that LIMA can be safely harvested in unstable patients after establishing extracorporeal circulation and by using this operative strategy in patients who need urgent or emergent surgical coronary revascularization LIMA can be safely used as a conduit.

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